Positive Behaviour Support is an evidence-based approach with the primary goal of improving the quality of life for someone with challenging behaviour.
PBS also aims to determine the severity of challenging behaviour. Because this behaviour is usually caused and affects the people around him, especially family and caregivers.
Caregivers and families want to be involved and want to know how to overcome or reduce challenging behaviours that occur. So that PBS can aim to improve the welfare of the person and his family.
Challenging behaviour is a message that tells us about how the person feels and how their quality of life is. Usually, they tell us because they need help and want to make them better.
The challenges felt by caregivers and families are large enough to support people with challenging behaviours and people with disabilities.
Important Components of Positive Behavior Support
PBS is a comprehensive approach that will result in assessment, planning, and interventions that can help the person recover.
The following are important components of PBS:
- A Person-Centered Approach
PBS uses a person-centred approach. Because challenging behaviour can be caused by difficulties in relationships and negative experiences during intercourse.
So to help meet the person’s needs, PBS will involve the family or caregiver. This will make the person feel involved and valued in the decision-making.
- Stakeholder Engagement
PBS also uses the involvement of stakeholders who are around the person. They will have an awareness of something that needs to be changed and how it goes. This can happen when the relevant stakeholders are involved in this process.
- Intervention based on Assessment
PBS uses assessments that lead to social, cognitive, environmental, and emotional factors that can influence challenging behaviour.
Because an assessment will provide an understanding of the function and purpose of the challenging behaviour. In addition, we can identify the support needed to overcome this.
- Planning Behavioral Support
Based on a comprehensive assessment of the person’s needs, this plan can be developed. Because the purpose of this plan is to summarize all the support that caregivers and people need to make positive change.
This plan should contain strategies to improve quality of life and skills.
- Reducing Punishment Approach
This approach uses physical injury, isolation, abuse, exclusion, and neglect. However, this method lowers the confidence level of the person and causes a negative reaction.
- Skills Building
PBS should help them build skills. Starting from social work, community, recreation, and so on. This way can develop their communication.
- Staff Development
PBS can involve organizations dealing with challenging behaviour. This can provide skills and knowledge for the person.
- Redesigning the Environment
PBS will help change the environment starting from attitudes, noise factors, improving services for people with disabilities and the like. Making the environment more comfortable is the most important thing.
- System Change
Positive Behavior Support applies a variety of positive supports that can help challenging behaviour. Changes can be reviewed starting from service values, vision and mission during this process.